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Head of the Maesaiah Thabane Trust Fund (MTTF), Makarabo Mojakhomo’s whereabouts are unknown after police claim that she escaped from custody on 31 May in Maseru, Lesotho’s capital. She was brought in for questioning following allegations that she had defrauded Maesaiah Thabane Trust Fund- a trust fund founded by the First Lady. Makarabo’s family fear that she has been subjected to enforced disappearance given the history of such cases in the country involving security forces.
Lahiru Manikkuadura, a Sri Lankan citizen, has been detained in the Maldives without a trial date since September 2016 and, following recent and restrictive changes in legal procedures, is being denied any access to his lawyer. Deplorable prison conditions has further raised serious concerns for his health and well-being.
Thai prison authorities carried out the country’s first execution in nearly a decade on 18 June 2018. Amnesty International fears that others on death row may be at imminent risk after receiving unconfirmed reports that prisoners have in recent weeks had their applications for a royal pardon rejected.
Oman: Five people held incommunicado: Mohammed Abdullah Ahmed bin Rahma al-Shahi, Ali Mohammed Ali al-Mazyud al-Shahi, Ali Ahmed Rajab al-Obaidi al-Shahi, Mohammed Sulaiman Mohammed Mazyud al-Shahi, Rashed Saeed al-Salhadi al-Shahi
Since 6 April, Omani authorities have launched a series of arbitrary detentions of individuals from Musandam province. The security forces are currently holding five persons incommunicado and without charges. They are believed to be in the custody of the Internal Security Service in the capital Muscat.
Guligeina Tashimaimaiti has not been heard from since 26 December 2017, when she returned from Malaysia to her hometown in Yili, Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region. Her family fear that she has been detained at a re-education camp and is at risk of torture and other ill-treatment.
From February to May 2018 at least 33 people were reported disappeared in Nuevo Laredo, northern Mexico. Authorities have been losing crucial time to investigate and family members are being left without adequate protection.
Qatari national Nawaf al-Rasheed was arbitrarily arrested in Kuwait and has been detained incommunicado in Saudi Arabia since 12 May.
Following more than 16 months in pre-trial detention, Algerian blogger Merzoug Touati was convicted to 10 years prison terms for some peaceful online posts. The Court of Appeal in Bejaya will review its conviction on 21 June. He is a prisoner of conscience.
United States of America: United States of America: Call on Ohio Governor to Stop Execution: Robert Van Hook
Robert Van Hook is due to be executed in Ohio on 18 July. He has been on death row for 33 years for a murder committed in 1985. The parole board has voted against clemency. The governor is not bound by their recommendation and can stop this execution.
Angola: Three youth imprisoned after unfair trial: Afonso S. Muatchipuculo, António J. Fernando and Justino H. Valente
High school students; Afonso S. Muatchipuculo (22), António J. Fernando (18) and Justino H. Valente (21) were sentenced to seven months in prison by the Malange Provincial Court in Angola on 9 April after an unfair trial. The three were arrested on 4 April for allegedly throwing stones at the Vice-President’s convoy in Malange. However, they were not present at the scene of the protest when the stones were thrown.
Sudan: Further information: Detained religious leader denied family visits: Matar Younis Ali Hussein
Matar Younis Ali Hussein, a visually impaired religious teacher, has been transferred from Kober Prison to a detention centre run by the State Security Prosecution office of Crimes Against the State. The Sudanese National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) arrested him on 1 April and since then he has been denied access to his family and a lawyer. Matar Younis has been a vocal critic of the government’s policy in Darfur.
Dr Ariel Ruiz Urquiola, an environmental activist, was sentenced in Cuba to one-year imprisonment for contempt. He is a prisoner of conscience and must be released unconditionally and immediately.
Moldovan businessman Serghei Cosovan is unable to access essential health care in pre-trial detention for his acute cirrhosis. The authorities are ignoring medical grounds to support treatment in an external specialised hospital and have recently remanded him to 30 more days in pre-trial detention. Serghei Cosovan’s health is rapidly deteriorating and there are serious risks to his life.
More than 200 indigenous Nasa Embera Chamí from La Delfina reservation in Buenaventura (West), Colombia, are currently displaced following an armed attack to a member of their community on 8 June. They are in need of decisive security measures to protect them and access to humanitarian aid such as food, health services and shelter.
Alejandra fled attacks and extortion based on her transgender identity in El Salvador and requested asylum in the US in November 2017. She has been detained since December at the Cibola detention centre in New Mexico, where she and other trans women complained of inadequate and unresponsive health care. US immigration authorities should immediately free Alejandra while she awaits the decision on her asylum claim.
14 Boğaziçi University students who had been held in pre-trial detention in prison on allegations of ‘making propaganda for a terrorist organizations’ for protesting Turkey’s military operation in Afrin were released by an Istanbul court on 6 June. Their allegations of torture and other ill-treatment must be investigated.
Fumba Chama affectionately known as Pilato was released on a 3000 USD bail on 21 May. His trial will begin on 25 June. Pilato was arrested on 16 May on arrival at Kenneth Kaunda Airport in Lusaka. He had been forced to flee the country on 5 January after receiving threats on his life from members of the ruling Party, Patriotic Front.
Ukrainian film director, Oleg Sentsov started a hunger strike on 14 May, calling for the release of ‘all Ukrainian political prisoners’ who are currently being held by the Russian Federation. Oleg Sentsov is serving a 20-year prison sentence following an unfair trial on politically-motivated charges. Amnesty International is calling for his immediate release.
Rapper, Ezhel, was remanded on pre-trial detention on 23 May accused of ‘publicly promoting drug use’ in his lyrics, music videos and social media posts. He faces up to 10 years imprisonment if he is found guilty.
Human rights defender Ramon Choc died following a violent assault, and other defenders have been threatened, as attacks against land and territory defenders in Guatemala increase. Authorities must take action to fully investigate these crimes and ensure that other defenders can carry out their work without fear for their safety.
Egypt: Further information: 30 June set as date of verdict for Shawkan: Mahmoud Abu Zeid (“Shawkan”)
The Cairo Criminal Court has set 30 June as the date for issuing the verdict in the Rabaa Dispersal case against journalist and prisoner of conscience Mahmoud Abu Zeid “Shawkan” and 738 other defendants. The verdict will come after Shawkan has been held in pre-trial detention for 1781 days.
Four families, consisting of 61 people including 33 children, remain homeless after they were forcibly evicted and had their homes demolished in the Emphetseni farming area, Malkerns on 9 April. The families were not given adequate notice of the eviction and have had to find their own temporary accommodation, resulting in most of them having to be separated. The Swazi government has failed to meet the affected families and provide them with alternative housing and they continue to be at risk of further human rights violations.
Xing Wangli was taken away by local government personnel in Beijing, where he had travelled to seek medical care and legal assistance for filing a lawsuit against local officials regarding a severe head injury he suffered while imprisoned in 2016. Detained since 27 February 2018, he remains at risk of torture and other ill-treatment.
Saudi Arabia: Saudi Arabia arrests women's rights defenders: Loujain al-Hathloul, Iman al-Nafjan, Aziza al-Yousef
Prominent women human rights defenders Loujain al-Hathloul, Iman al-Nafjan and Aziza al-Yousef have been arbitrarily detained incommunicado since mid-May.
15 activists face criminal proceedings and up to seven years’ imprisonment for taking part in a peaceful pro-democracy protest on 22 May 2018 in Bangkok. Charges against them include sedition and violating a repressive ban on peaceful political assembly.
On 5 April, Moroccan authorities arrested Zine El Abidine Erradi upon his arrival from France at Agadir airport in Morocco. He is a human rights defender with refugee status in France who was travelling to Morocco as an exceptional measure after the French authorities provided him with a travel document allowing him to go to Morocco without losing his refugee status in France.
Police evacuated at least 23 members of the Ahmadiyya religious minority in East Lombok to another town after neighbouring villagers destroyed their homes and possessions. Repeatedly attacked over a period of 24 hours, the community continue to face on-going intimidation and threats of damage to their property.
The binational Indigenous Yukpa people living in Cúcuta, in the east of Colombia, suffered an armed attack on 17 May followed by their forced displacement.
Approximately 230 internally displaced women (known as the Knifar movement) and their children have not had food delivered to the internally displaced (IDP) camp since 18 April. Their food supply has run out. This denial of food to the women and their children is seen as an attempt by the authorities to force them to go back to their former homes where they would risk facing various human rights violations.
Indigenous environmental rights defender Manuel Gaspar Rodríguez was found dead on 14 May in Cuetzalan, Puebla state. He was one of a number of defenders facing criminal investigation for their opposition to the construction of a high-voltage power line. These defenders are at grave risk and have recently been subject to attacks and intimidation.
Egyptian authorities ordered the pre-trial detention of woman human rights defender Amal Fathy, for a total of 30 days, after she posted a video on her Facebook page in which she shared her experience of sexual harassment and criticized the government over its failure to address the issue.
Trần Anh Kim was convicted and sentenced to 13 years’ imprisonment for “carrying out activities aimed at overthrowing the Peoples’ administration” in 2016. At 69 years of age, his health is deteriorating and according to his wife, “may not survive his lengthy imprisonment” as authorities have denied him adequate medical care. A prisoner of conscience, Trần Anh Kim must be immediately and unconditionally released.
Somaliland: Men convicted for exercising freedom of speech: Mohamed Kayse Mohamoud and Boqor Osman aw Muhamed Mohamed
Mohamed Kayse Mohamoud and Boqor Osman aw Muhamed Mohamed have been convicted for publicly exercising their rights to the freedom of expression.
Fumba Chama, affectionately known as Pilato, was arrested on 16 May on arrival at Kenneth Kaunda Airport in Lusaka. He had been forced to flee the country on 5 January after receiving threats on his life from members of the ruling Party, Patriotic Front.
The Ukrainian Police in the western Ukrainian town of Chernivtsi have advised the organizers of the Equality Festival to move it away from the city centre to an undisclosed location because far-right groups have threatened the event and are set on disrupting it. The police also claim that they are unable to offer a sufficient number of officers to protect the festival despite reports that members of different far-right groups from across Ukraine are planning to travel to Chernivtsi for the festival.
Nineteen year old, Noura Hussein Hamad Daoud, was sentenced to death on 10 May for killing her husband in self-defence after he tried to rape her for a second time. The Central Criminal Court of Omdurman in Sudan, on 29 April, found her guilty of the murder of her husband Abdulrahman Mohamed Hammad. Noura’s case highlights the failure of the Sudan government to tackle the tragedy of early and forced marriage as well as marital rape.
Ugandan soldiers have been forcibly evicting communities in the Apaa area in northern Uganda since 15 March. So far, more than 250 homes have been burnt and destroyed, leaving hundreds of people, including children homeless. The evictions have been carried out by the authorities in violation of the constitution and international human rights law.
Five activists, Ibrahim Diori, Maïkoul Zodi, Abdourahamane Idé Hassane, Sadat Illiya Dan Malam and Yahaya Badamassi, were arrested between 15 and 25 April in Niger. Abdourahamane Idé Hassane has been released on bail while the other four activists are still in detention.
Luis Marroquin, José Can Xol and Mateo Chamán Paau, three land and territory defenders from different communities in Guatemala were killed in less than a week. Guatemalan authorities must take action to fully investigate these crimes and ensure that other defenders can carry out their work without fear for their safety.
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